The same reason someone who struggles to sleep at night turns to sleep drugs is the same reason someone who keeps nodding off during the day turns to modafinil. It’s hardly surprising that some people classify it as a “nootropic” or “smart drug” given that it does a good job of keeping you awake and enhancing cognitive function—and is also one of the most widely used.

However, despite years of study into this medicine, specialists are still unable to pinpoint how it functions. Instead, they have a tonne of data suggesting that it handles sleep disorders well. Even some continuing studies point to modafinil as a potential treatment for several mental health issues, including schizophrenia and substance abuse disorders.

Before considering buying Modafinil Australia online, there are many factors to take into account. The specifics of modafinil and theories on how it controls sleep are covered on this page.


The compound known as adrafinil was first discovered in France in 1974 by chemists working for a pharmaceutical business. Adrafinil significantly enhanced motor activity without having the typical side effects of ingesting stimulants, like raised blood pressure, according to preliminary studies on mice.

Two years later, a different pharmaceutical company was looking for a drug that could enhance elderly people’s cognitive ability when they came upon modafinil. Both medications were available by the early 1980s, with modafinil being used to treat hypersomnia.

Modafinil and adrafinil differ in their potency; modafinil (Modalert 200) is more potent than adrafinil. The effects of a 300 mg dose of adrafinil can be mimicked by a 100 mg dose of modafinil. Adrafinil takes 150 minutes to start working its magic, while modafinil starts working within 90 minutes of taking the medicine.

Modafinil’s strength, however, is sufficient for the federal government to designate it as a Schedule IV drug. While less likely to be abused than substances in Schedule III and above, modafinil still needs a prescription from a physician. Additionally, it is rather expensive, with 20 tablets costing, on average, USD 300.

Modafinil: Function At work, a sleepy woman yawns.

It wasn’t until the first studies were published in the early 1990s that the mechanism by which modafinil keeps users awake was finally understood. According to this research, the medication has three well-known side effects:

hinders the absorption of dopamine

Modafinil is classified by experts as a dopamine reuptake inhibitor (DRI), although a mild one. As a DRI, modafinil stops the dopamine from being released back into the cell that sent it. Because the reuptake is effectively prevented, the other cell produces extra dopamine to make up for it. Dopamine levels rise as a result of the synaptic cleft, the area between cells.

Dopamine’s significance in wakefulness has been addressed by several studies. One of the effects is that it prevents the pineal gland from releasing norepinephrine, which is necessary for the production of melatonin, which controls your sleep cycle. In addition, since illnesses like narcolepsy restrict dopamine production, these individuals frequently exhibit drowsiness.

The DRI rate for modafinil ranges between 51.4% for a 200 mg dose and 56.9% for a 300 mg dose, according to a 2014 study published in the International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology. These numbers are comparable to those of the stimulant methylphenidate, which is frequently used to treat attention deficit disorder (ADD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (ADHD).

Helps reduce epileptic seizures

A ten-year drug regimen was used by researchers at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston in 2011 to investigate the effects of modafinil on 205 epilepsy patients. While some patients’ epileptic symptoms worsened after taking the medication, the majority of patients did not have an increase in seizures, according to the study.

Excessive daily sleepiness (EDS), according to studies, is a typical sign of epileptic seizures. Due to the disease’s propensity to interfere with sleep at night, a person may experience unusual daytime sleepiness. Antiepileptic medication’s adverse effects also include EDS

When necessary, modafinil’s built-in anticonvulsant qualities allow it to restrict brain activity, which lowers the frequency of seizure episodes. According to experts, modafinil has an advantage over the majority of well-known drugs due to its minimal risk of addiction.

Improves mental abilities

There was understandable suspicion when the industry promoted modafinil as a smart medicine that could improve cognitive function. Despite the growing body of available scientific information, as was previously indicated, experts are still working to fully understand how the medicine functions.

However, this growing body of research suggests just that. A systematic evaluation of twenty publications published between 1990 and 2014 discovered that modafinil enhanced a person’s capacity for planning and making decisions, particularly when performing more difficult tasks for an extended period. It’s also important to note that the impacts were observed in healthy individuals rather than their sleep-deprived peers.

The exact mechanism through which modafinil enhances one’s intellect is still unknown. However, according to the review’s authors, a compelling notion is that it regulates the levels of catecholamines in the brain. One such catecholamine is dopamine.

Side Effects

Researchers discovered that modafinil has fewer negative effects if any than other medications. Because of this, the drug is being used for purposes other than prescription medication. The U.S. The Air Force authorized its use among aircrews flying lengthy sorties in 2003, taking the place of the more often abused dextroamphetamine.

But it’s still important to consider modafinil’s adverse effects. Modafinil’s wakefulness effects, according to Dongsoo Kim, a professor at the Korea Air Force Academy, can raise blood pressure and restore heart rate. This could imply that, for whatever reason, patients with heart problems may not be permitted to take this medication.

In addition, Kim reiterates that no smart drug—no matter how efficient or unlikely to be abused—can replace sound sleep. Modafinil may help with daytime sleepiness, but it won’t help with the other advantages of getting enough sleep, most notably increasing the immune system. It can be assumed that someone seeking modafinil for conditions other than narcolepsy or other qualifying conditions is experiencing high or severe stress, which modafinil is not intended to treat.


Despite the need for additional research, modafinil (Modvigil 200) has essentially demonstrated its viability as a medication for controlling sleep. It enables a person to stay alert throughout the day and get a good night’s sleep at night by changing how the nervous system uses brain chemicals like dopamine. An added benefit is that their cognitive abilities will improve.

However, due to its high price and classification as a Schedule IV narcotic, only people with a prescription are allowed to take it. It’s unlikely that modafinil will be sold over the counter in the foreseeable future, but mounting evidence of its beneficial effects may change that. Therefore, getting enough sleep continues to be preferable to taking magic drugs. Read more